|1||Charles Schultz.||Schultz, Charles.|
|2||Charles Schultz and Charles Brown.||Schultz, Charles, and Charles Brown.|
|3||Charles Schultz, Charles Brown, and Lucy VanPelt.||Schultz, Charles, Charles Brown, and Lucy VanPelt.|
|4 or more||Charles Schultz et al.||Include all names.|
|Examples of Shortened Titles|
|Original Title||Shortened Title|
|Men and Events; Historical Essays||Men and Events|
|The Empire of the Seas: A Biography of Rear
Admiral Robert Wilson Shufeldt, USN
|Empire of the Seas|
|Wordmark Encyclopedia of the Nations||Encyclopedia of Nations|
Use the most complete date you can find (check the front cover or the table of contents page) for a magazine (do not include volume and issue number). Some magazines include:
If you access a journal article through an online database, add the database name and its accession number to the citation.
12. Pamela Paul, "The Playground Gets Even Tougher," New York Times, October 10, 2010, 12, Academic Search Complete (54317717).
Paul, Pamela. "The Playground Gets Even Tougher." New York Times, October 10, 2010. Academic Search Complete (54317717).
Notes: Referring to a passage, page, or pages? Provide page number(s) in the corresponding note. For electronic resources without a page number or with a variable page number (text is resizable), use a chapter number, section number, or some other location information.
Include edition information in the citation in both the note and the bibliography if the resource you're using is not the first edition. So, if it's a numbered edition or if the title page indicates that it is a revised edition, this information must be included in the citation. Abbreviate the number as well as the word edition, e.g., the second edition is 2nd ed., third edition is 3rd ed., and so on. Revised edition would be abbreviated to "rev. ed." in the note, since elements are separated by commas, and "Rev. ed." in the bibliography since elements end in periods.
Example in a note:
23. Mack, Daniel. Mosby's EMT-B Certification Preparation and Review, 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 2002.
Example in a bibliography:
Mack, Daniel. Mosby's EMT-B Certification Preparation and Review. 3rd ed.
St. Louis: Mosby, 2002.
Journals generally have a volume number that changes at the beginning of a new year. So, for example, all issues of the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry published in 2009 were part of Volume 54, and issues published in 2010 are part of Volume 55. Individual issues published during a year (or within a volume) have an issue number that usually begins with Issue 1 in January, Issue 2 in February, and so on.
Page numbering within journals varies. In some journals, each issue starts with page 1, while other journals use continuous pagination, so Issue 1 starts on page 1 and ends on page 78, and Issue 2 begins on page 79.
The table below gives you information about which of the above pieces of information are included in a citation for a journal article.
|Article Information||Included in a citation?|
|Issue number||Required only if each issue begins with page 1. However, you may choose to always include issue numbers.|
|Page numbers||If referring to a particular passage, include the page or pages on which that passage appears.
If referring to the entire article, include the range of pages on which the article appears.
The Chicago Manual of Style is 860 pages, not including its appendices and indices. So, we could not cover every possible detail in this LibGuide. Do you have a situation that isn't covered in this LibGuide? Contact the library staff or refer to the Chicago Manual of Style.