A simple way to ensure copyright compliance is to avoid uploading material to Canvas. Rather than uploading a PDF of an article, provide a permalink to the article. Rather than uploading a PDF of a book chapter, provide a permalink to the ebook in the Library’s catalog. Linking to materials is not copyright infringement—you are not copying or reproducing the material.
When linking to material in Canvas, opt for permalinks instead of hyperlinks. Permalinks are more static than URLs, and thus, less susceptible to changes in the URL over time—aka “link rot.” Not all materials will have permalinks, but many will. Having trouble finding permalinks? Reach out to the Library.
If you’re in doubt about whether your use of material constitutes fair use, get the copyright holder’s permission. If you want additional help determining whether your use of material constitutes fair use? Reach out to the Library.
Fair use may cover photocopying or digitizing materials for yourself and your students in the context of in-person or distance instruction.
The U.S. Copyright Office gives some additional guidance about photocopying copyrighted materials in the “Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians” Circular 21. The guidelines allow you as a faculty member or instructor in a not-for-profit educational institution to make a single copy of a book chapter, journal, or newspaper article, short essay, story or poem, or a chart, graph, diagram, drawing or picture from a work. The single copy is to be used by you for your research, use in teaching, or preparation for teaching a class. If you need to make multiple copies for your class, consider the following guidelines:
The Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act of 2002 provides additional rights to address the need to use copyrighted materials in distance education courses. This act allows instructors to digitally share materials that would reasonably be shared in a normal class setting.
It also allows analog versions (paper, film, and video) to be converted to digital formats IF:
For shared materials, the follow criteria must be met:
The following resources can help you better understand the TEACH Act and your rights to reproduce copyrighted materials as an instructor:
Whether you need permission to screen a film depends on the circumstances. Teachers showing films in face-to-face classrooms don't need permission per Section 110(1) of the Copyright Act, so long as the copy of the movie being shown is a lawful copy. This exception doesn't apply to extracurricular campus events or student groups who are hosting screenings that are open to the public. Distributors of films often sell Public Performance Rights that permit public screenings. The library may have purchased Public Performance Rights along with a copy of the film. Contact a librarian to check on the rights for a specific film. If we don't own the rights, we can help you contact the rights holders and ask for permission.
Kanopy and Films on Demand are streaming video services with a collection of over 26,000 films. Showing films from these services in a group gathering or online class is permitted as long as viewers are faculty, staff, students, or visiting scholars.